PERAN DAN FUNGSI BADAN ENERGI ATOM INTERNASIONAL (IAEA): PEMANFAATAN NUKLIR UNTUK TUJUAN DAMAI (PEMBANGUNAN PLTN DI INDONESIA)

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Abstract


Nuclear hold a dual vast potential, as a reservoir of energy or as a weapon of destruction. International Atomic Energy Agency or IAEA has a vital role in providing measures related to the peaceful uses of nuclear energy such as, electricity, advanced technology of health and food. These peaceful nuclear activities are to be conducted under a comprehensive safeguards agreement with IAEA.  In spite of their emphasis on promoting the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, however, some countries intent to do nuclear proliferation, such as, Irak and North Korea, without early detection and this has resulted in the increased risk of nuclear race among states. Concerning to the peaceful uses of nuclear energy, Indonesia is proposing to have nuclear as electricity power plants which lead to pros and cons as the 22 year-Chernobyl accident still has prompted fear and concerns throughout the country.  

Key words: IAEA, nuclear proliferation, NPT Treaty  


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