Persepsi Orang Tua Siswa Sekolah Lanjutan Tingkat Pertama di Kotamadya Yogyakarta terhadap Penyakit Asma pada Anak

Lies Indriyati, Tonny SadjiminPersepsi Orang Tua SisvTa Sekolah Lanjutan Tingkat Pertama di Kotamadya Yogyakar;a

Abstract


The purposes of the study were to f nd out parental perceptions level toward childhood asthma and other personal factors, which s ere related to them; and the difference of perception toward childhood asthma between parents c f. asthmatic and non-asthmatic junior high school students in the Municipality of Yogyakarta. The study was the second phase of the main study, which examined asthma prevalence amonl; junior high school students in Municipality of Yogyakarta, carried out from May 1998 to May 999. Samples were taken from parents of students who were defined as asthmatic children from the previous asthma prevalence study, and parents of non-asthmatic children as controls gn pup. Questionnaires were used to explore information on parental perception, personal data perception about the symptoms and dangers of asthma, causes, triggers, benefits of preven ion, and parents' acts to deal with childhood asthma. The study revealed that asthma preva ence among junior high school students in Yogyakarta Municipality was 10.5 %. Parenta perception toward asthma was high. More than 60 % of parents gave right answers. Pare ital education level ware not significantly related with perception toward asthma. Mate] nal occupation was significantly related with parental perception about the dangers of as lima (p=0,023) and actions taken by parents to deal with asthma (p=0,011). Family income w Is significantly related with perception toward asthma attack triggers (p<0.021). Whereas parents 1 perception toward asthma was not different among parents of asthmatic children compared ti those of non-asthmatic children. It was concluded that parental perception of junior high s :hool students in Yogyakarta Municipality toward childhood asthma was high. Parental occupat on especially maternal occupation were positive related to parental affective and co native tc ward asthma. Family income was related with perception toward asthma attack triggers. Pal mtal perception toward asthma was not difference among parents of asthmatic and non-asthmal c children. (Jurnal Epidemiologi Indonesia, 2000, 4:3:35-44)


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